Vision and Sports Performance
How do we use our vision in sports?
Vision and sports performance is about understanding how vision helps with better decision making and how to train it. To understand how we use our vision in sports first we need to understand how we receive visual information. There are two ways in which we receive visual information and they are via our fovea and peripheral vision. The fovea is responsible for providing details, and only makes up a tiny area of the total vision field. Peripheral vision shows less details or focus but is responsible for a larger portion of the field of vision. In order to construct a seemingly focused and overall picture for our brain our eyes need to move rapidly across a scene. Therefore it is necessary to continually scan our environment to pic up and detect cues and objects.
The good news for novice athletes or even elite athletes who need help, is that there is a way to train and impure an athlete peripheral awareness. This is done through a strategy called visual pivot. Visual pivot is when there is a single point and additional information surrounding that pint. An athlete will be trained to focus on the one point (the pivot) and still collect and use the information around it. This improves the quality of information an athlete gets from their peripheral vision and allows the athlete to focus their attention on awareness rather then scanning.
One of the ways I work with athletes to do this is through a program called NeuroTracker. It trains many cognitive areas, including peripheral vision using a visual pivot. Watch the video below to see NeuroTracker in action.